Citizen Airmen Heritage

Air National Guard (ANG) and Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) significant events:

May 30, 1908 - The 1st Aero Co., Signal Corps, New York National Guard, is organized at the Park Avenue Armory in New York City to learn ballooning.

1911 - The Curtiss Aeroplane Co. loans the 1st Aero Co., NYNG, an airplane and a pilot, Beckwith Havens. Havens later enlists as a private and is recognized as the first National Guard aviator.

Jul 13, 1916 - The First and Second Aero Compaines of the New York National Guard become the first Guard aviation units ever mobilized for federal service.

May 23, 1917 - After almost nine years, the First Aero Company is disbanded, having been mustered out of federal service the previous November.

1919 - The Air Service commences creating a reserve force from trained men leaving the service after World War I.

1920 - The War Department announces plans to include "aero units" in postwar National Guard infantry divisions.

Jan 17, 1921 - Minnesota's 109th Observation Squadron becomes the first post-war National Guard aviation unit to gain federal recognition. Webmaster note: The 190th is covered by Chapter 858 under the 133rd Airlift Wing.

Jun 20, 1923 - Gen. Mason Patrick, Chief of Air Service, reports 539 units of all types in the Air Service Organized Reserve.

Sep 8, 1934 - 119th Observation Squadron (New Jersey) airmen assist in the rescue of survivors from the sinking passenger liner S.S. Morro Castle off the New Jersey coast.

1936 - After flying open-cockpit, obsolete biplanes for more than two decades, the National Guard takes deliver of its first modern pre-WWII aircraft, the Douglas O-46.

Sep 1940 - The National Guard is ordered into federal service; air guard units provide 29 observation squadrons, manned by approximately 800 officers and 4,000 enlisted men.

Dec 1943 - Michigan's 107th Observation Squadron became the first U.S. photo reconnaissance squadron in Northern Europe, seeing combat in France.

Mar 1946 - Gen Carl A. Spaatz assigns responsibility for training Air National Guard and Air Reserve units in air defense to the Air Defense Command.

Apr 25, 1946 - The final plan for postwar organization of the Air National Guard is approved by the Army Chief of Staff.

Apr 1946 - The 120th Fighter Squadron (Denver, CO), the Air National Guard's first unit, is activated.

Jul 1, 1946 - The first postwar Reserve training flight takes place in Memphis, TN, in a borrowed AT-6 Texan.

Apr 14, 1948 - The U.S. Air Force Reserve is officially established.

Jul 10, 1950 - The Army and Air Force Authorization Act of 1949 (Public Law 604) defines the Air Force of the United States to be the U.S. Air Force, the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserve.

Oct 10, 1950 - Several ANG fighter squadrons are the first to be activated in the Korean War mobilization.

Jun 26, 1951 - Pilots from the 182nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron score the Air Guard's first jet kill, shooting down an attacking MiG-15 near "MiG Alley" in Korea.

Oct 1956 - Capt. Norma Parsons Erb became the first woman to join the ANG, entering the New York ANG as a nurse.

Nov 1957 - The Air Force Reserve drops its last fighters, becoming a troop carrier force, exclusively.

Sep 1, 1961 - Aircraft Control & Warning squadrons from the Ohio and Massachusetts ANGs become the first units mobilized for the 1961 - 1962 Berlin Crisis.

Oct 1, 1961 - The Air Force activated several Air Force Reserve C-124 troop carrier units in response to the Berlin Crisis.

Jan 26, 1968 - The Air Force activated two Reserve military airlift wings, five C-124 groups, and one aerospace rescue and recovery squadron in response to the North Korean seizure of the U.S.S. Pueblo.

May 13, 1968 - Three ANG Tactical Fighter and two Air Transport units are mobilized for service in Southeast Asia.

Jul 1, 1968 - The National Guard Bureau authorizes states to enlist/appoint female personnel for positions other than in the medical arena.

Aug 1, 1968 - HQ Continental Air Command, which previously administered Reserve activities, is deactivated; its personnel and resources are transferred to the new HQ Air Force Reserve, activated as a separate operating agency the same day at Robins AFB, GA.

Aug 21, 1970 - The "Total Force" plan, establishing the reserves as the active duty forces' primary means of augmentation (instead or the draft), is announced.

Jan 1973 - Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird terminates the draft; volunteer reserve forces are now seen as the primary means of supplementing the active duty military.

Oct 14, 1973 - Air Force Reserve crews from six wings participated in flights carrying supplies to Israel during the Yom Kippur War.

1985 - After an 11-year hiatus, the ANG resumed its strategic airlift role in response to active duty force reductions.

Aug 22, 1990 - President George Bush orders mobilization of U.S. reserve forces for Operation Desert Shield; by the end of the war, 12,404 Air Guardsmen has entered federal service. Webmaster note: Members of the 934th Airlift Wing were one of the first Air Force Reserve personnel actived. The 934 AW is covered by Chapter 858.

Feb 17, 1997 - The Air Force Reserve was integrated into the Air Force command structure with the formation of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) that is headquartered at Robins AFB, GA.

Apr 14, 1998 - The Air Force Reserve observes its 50th anniversary.